2017 Water Transportation Workers
Median Pay: US$55,000
Entry Level: See How to Become One
Summary
Water transportation workers operate and maintain vessels that take cargo and people over water. The vessels travel to and from foreign ports across the ocean and to domestic ports along the coasts, across the Great Lakes, and along the country's many inland waterways.
Duties

Water transportation workers typically do the following:

  • Operate and maintain nonmilitary vessels
  • Follow their vessel's strict chain of command
  • Ensure the safety of all people and cargo on board

These workers, sometimes called merchant mariners, work on a variety of ships.

Some operate large deep-sea container ships to transport manufactured goods and refrigerated cargos around the world.

Others work on bulk carriers that move heavy commodities, such as coal or iron ore, across the oceans and over the Great Lakes.

Still others work on both large and small tankers that carry oil and other liquid products around the country and the world. Others work on supply ships that transport equipment and supplies to offshore oil and gas platforms.

Workers on tugboats help barges and other boats maneuver in small harbors and at sea.

Salvage vessels that offer emergency services also employ merchant mariners.

Cruise ships employ a large number of water transportation workers, and some merchant mariners work on ferries to transport passengers along shorter distances.

A typical deep-sea merchant ship, large coastal ship, or Great Lakes merchant ship employs a captain and a chief engineer, along with three mates, three assistant engineers, and a number of sailors and marine oilers. Smaller vessels that operate in harbors or rivers may have a smaller crew. The specific complement of mariners is dependent on U.S. Coast Guard regulations.

Also, there are other workers on ships, such as cooks, electricians, and mechanics. For more information, see the profiles on cooks, electricians, and general maintenance and repair workers.

Captains, sometimes called masters, have overall command of a vessel. They have the final responsibility for the safety of the crew, cargo, and passengers. Captains typically do the following:

  • Supervise the work of the crew, including other officers
  • Ensure that proper safety procedures are followed
  • Prepare a maintenance and repair budget
  • Oversee the loading and unloading of cargo or passengers
  • Keep logs and other records that track the ship's movements and activities
  • Interact with passengers on cruise ships

Mates, or deck officers, direct the operation of a vessel while the captain is off duty. Large ships have three officers, called first, second, and third mates. The first mate has the highest authority and takes command of the ship if the captain is incapacitated. Usually, the first mate is in charge of the cargo and/or passengers, the second mate is in charge of navigation, and the third mate is in charge of safety. On smaller vessels, there may be only one mate who handles all of the responsibilities. Deck officers typically do the following:

  • Alternate watches with the captain and other officers
  • Supervise and coordinate the activities of the deck crew
  • Assist with docking the ship
  • Monitor the ship's position, using charts and other navigational aides
  • Determine the speed and direction of the vessel
  • Inspect the cargo hold during loading, to ensure that the cargo is stowed according to specifications
  • Make announcements to passengers when needed

Pilots guide ships in harbors, on rivers, and on other confined waterways. They are not part of a ship's crew but go aboard a ship to guide it through a particular waterway that they are familiar with. They work in places where a high degree of familiarity with local tides, currents, and hazards is needed. Some, called harbor pilots, work for ports and help many ships that come into the harbor during the day. When coming into a commercial port, a captain will often have to turn control of the vessel over to a pilot, who can safely guide it into the harbor. Pilots typically do the following:

  • Board an unfamiliar ship from a small boat in the open water, often using a ladder
  • Confer with a ship's captain about the vessel's destination and any special requirements it has
  • Establish a positive working relationship with a vessel's captain and deck officers
  • Receive mooring instructions from shore dispatchers

Sailors, or deckhands, operate and maintain the vessel and deck equipment. They make up the deck crew and keep all parts of a ship, other than areas related to the engine and motor, in good working order. New deckhands are called ordinary seamen and do the least complicated tasks. Experienced deckhands are called able seamen and usually make up most of a crew. Some large ships have a boatswain, who is the chief of the deck crew. Sailors typically do the following:

  • Stand watch, looking for other vessels or obstructions in their ship's path and for navigational aids, such as buoys and lighthouses
  • Steer the ship and measure water depth in shallow water
  • Do routine maintenance, such as painting the deck and chipping away rust
  • Keep the inside of the ship clean
  • Handle lines when docking or departing
  • Tie barges together when they are being towed
  • Load and unload cargo
  • Help passengers when needed

Ship engineers operate and maintain a vessel's propulsion system, which includes the engine, boilers, generators, pumps, and other machinery. Large vessels usually carry a chief engineer, who has command of the engine room and its crew, and a first, second, and third assistant engineer. The assistant engineer oversees the engine and related machinery when the chief engineer is off duty. Small ships might have only one engineer. Engineers typically do the following:

  • Maintain the electrical, refrigeration, and ventilation systems of a ship
  • Start the engine and regulate the vessel's speed, following the captain's orders
  • Record information in an engineering log
  • Keep an inventory of mechanical parts and supplies
  • Do routine maintenance checks throughout the day
  • Calculate refueling requirements

Marine oilers work in the engine room, helping the engineers keep the propulsion system in working order. They are the engine room equivalent of sailors. New oilers usually are called wipers, or pumpmen, on vessels handling liquid cargo. With experience, a wiper can become a Qualified Member of the Engine Department (QMED). Marine oilers typically do the following:

  • Lubricate gears, shafts, bearings, and other parts of the engine or motor
  • Read pressure and temperature gauges and record data
  • Help engineers with repairs to machinery
  • Connect hoses, operate pumps, and clean tanks
  • Assist the deck crew with loading or unloading of cargo, if necessary

Motorboat operators run small, motor-driven boats that carry only a few passengers. They provide a variety of services, such as fishing charters, tours, and harbor patrols. Motorboat operators typically do the following:

  • Check and change the oil and other fluids on their boat
  • Pick up passengers and help them board the boat
  • Act as a tour guide, if necessary

COLLEGE INTERN - THE WATER CLUB

Type: Internship
314884Employment StatusTemporaryCategoryFood & BeverageCollege Intern - The Water ClubJob DescriptionESSENTIAL JOB FUNCTIONS:Must have the ability to work in the Food & ?Beverage department, .Works diligently to support the S.H.O.W. Service Basic Standards culture and team philosophy...
Apply Share

Dialysis Clinic Registered Nurse - RN - Will Train

Type: Full Time, Full Time Alumnus
Job ID 190006TIAvailable Openings 1DescriptionLend direction as well as a caring attitude. Bring a smile and your vital knowledge to everyone, every day. Brighten prospects for patients and your career.Connect with your goals and change liveswith Fresenius Medical Care North America.Here is your...
Apply Share

College Intern - Underground Utilities Engineering

Type: Internship
This position involves intern-level civil engineering work for a municipal engineering department. The position reports to the Underground Utilities Engineering Manager.In this position the Intern will work alongside Civil Engineers and Technicians who design and manage transportation, traffic,...
Apply Share

Registered Nurse - RN

Type: Full Time, Full Time Alumnus
Job ID 1900065QAvailable Openings 1Position Specific InformationFull Time Position, Day JobDescriptionLend direction as well as a caring attitude. Bring a smile and your vital knowledge to everyone, every day. Brighten prospects for patients and your career.Connect with your goals and change...
Apply Share
Costa Mesa, CA

Sr. Research Program Coordinator

Type: Part Time
General Summary/PurposeWe are currently seeking a Senior Research Program Coordinator to oversee the data collection of a field based cohort study examining the impact of a comprehensive community level intervention on cis-gender female sex workers HIV/STI risk in Baltimore City. The interventions...
Apply Share

Registered Nurse - RN

Type: Full Time, Full Time Alumnus
Job ID 190004GIAvailable Openings 1DescriptionLend direction as well as a caring attitude. Bring a smile and your vital knowledge to everyone, every day. Brighten prospects for patients and your career.Connect with your goals and change liveswith Fresenius Medical Care North America.Here is your...
Apply Share
Charlotte, NC

Registered Nurse - RN

Type: Full Time, Full Time Alumnus
Job ID 19000514Available Openings 1Position Specific InformationLooking for a candidate with good people skills, patient care oriented, A team player, positive disposition, enjoys to learn, a patient advocate.DescriptionLend direction as well as a caring attitude. Bring a smile and your vital...
Apply Share
North Haven, CT

Registered Nurse - RN

Type: Full Time, Full Time Alumnus
Job ID 190004QDAvailable Openings 1DescriptionLend direction as well as a caring attitude. Bring a smile and your vital knowledge to everyone, every day. Brighten prospects for patients and your career.Connect with your goals and change liveswith Fresenius Medical Care North America.Here is your...
Apply Share

Registered Nurse - RN

Type: Full Time, Full Time Alumnus
Job ID 1900049BAvailable Openings 1DescriptionLend direction as well as a caring attitude. Bring a smile and your vital knowledge to everyone, every day. Brighten prospects for patients and your career.Connect with your goals and change liveswith Fresenius Medical Care North America.Here is your...
Apply Share
Red Bank, NJ

Engineering Technician - High School Intern

Type: Internship
This is a part-time, internship which is not to exceed 1,039 hours in a fiscal year, with the Public Works Department. Under general supervision, receives training and completes a variety of technical office and field work in support of City engineering-related activities.Please note:Employment is...
Apply Share
Carson City, NV

Registered Nurse - RN

Type: Full Time, Full Time Alumnus
Job ID 190002KEAvailable Openings 1DescriptionLend direction as well as a caring attitude. Bring a smile and your vital knowledge to everyone, every day. Brighten prospects for patients and your career.Connect with your goals and change liveswith Fresenius Medical Care North America.Here is your...
Apply Share
Grove City, OH

RN Team Leader

Type: Full Time, Full Time Alumnus
Job ID 1900041KAvailable Openings 1PURPOSE AND SCOPE:Functions as part of the hemodialysis health care team as a Team Leader Registered Nurse to ensure provision of quality patient care on a daily basis in accordance with FMS policies, procedures, and training. Support FMCNA's commitment to...
Apply Share
Douglasville, GA

Registered Nurse - RN

Type: Full Time, Full Time Alumnus
Job ID 190001ORAvailable Openings 1DescriptionLend direction as well as a caring attitude. Bring a smile and your vital knowledge to everyone, every day. Brighten prospects for patients and your career.Connect with your goals and change liveswith Fresenius Medical Care North America.Here is your...
Apply Share
Lakewood, NJ

RN Team Leader

Type: Full Time, Full Time Alumnus
Job ID 190003KBAvailable Openings 1PURPOSE AND SCOPE:Functions as part of the hemodialysis health care team as a Team Leader Registered Nurse to ensure provision of quality patient care on a daily basis in accordance with FMS policies, procedures, and training. Support FMCNA's commitment to...
Apply Share
Hoboken, NJ

Registered Nurse Team Leader - RN

Type: Full Time, Full Time Alumnus
Job ID 190000SPAvailable Openings 2DescriptionInspire and inform each patient. Allow others to achieve their most important objectives while you achieve yours. Improve their prospects - and the vitality of your career. Connect with your goals and change lives with Fresenius Medical Care North...
Apply Share
Costa Mesa, CA

Registered Nurse

Type: Full Time, Full Time Alumnus
Job ID 18000BQBAvailable Openings 1Position Specific Information Lexington East locationPURPOSE AND SCOPE:Functions as part of the hemodialysis health care team as a Staff Registered Nurse to ensure provision of quality patient care on a daily basis in accordance with FMS policies, procedures, and...
Apply Share
Lexington, KY

Registered Nurse

Type: Full Time, Full Time Alumnus
Job ID 180009I9Available Openings 2PURPOSE AND SCOPE:Functions as part of the hemodialysis health care team as a Staff Registered Nurse to ensure provision of quality patient care on a daily basis in accordance with FMS policies, procedures, and training. Supports the FMCNA commitment to the...
Apply Share
Cleveland, OH

Outpatient Registered Nurse - RN

Type: Full Time, Full Time Alumnus
Job ID 18000G93Available Openings 1Position Specific Information Selma Clinic$2,500 sign-on bonusFully Paid TrainingSundays OffFull-Time Day Shift (4AM - 4PM)PURPOSE AND SCOPE:Functions as part of the hemodialysis health care team as a Staff Registered Nurse to ensure provision of quality patient...
Apply Share

Outpatient Registered Nurse - RN

Type: Full Time, Full Time Alumnus
Job ID 18000KLPAvailable Openings 1PURPOSE AND SCOPE:Functions as part of the hemodialysis health care team as a Staff Registered Nurse to ensure provision of quality patient care on a daily basis in accordance with FMS policies, procedures, and training. Supports the FMCNA commitment to the...
Apply Share
Mishawaka, IN

Outpatient Registered Nurse - RN

Type: Full Time, Full Time Alumnus
Job ID 18000M20Available Openings 1PURPOSE AND SCOPE:Functions as part of the hemodialysis health care team as a Staff Registered Nurse to ensure provision of quality patient care on a daily basis in accordance with FMS policies, procedures, and training. Supports the FMCNA commitment to the...
Apply Share
Elkhart, IN