2017 Psychologists
Median Pay: US$72,580
Entry Level: See How to Become One
Summary
Psychologists study cognitive, emotional, and social processes and behavior by observing, interpreting, and recording how people relate to one another and their environments.
Duties

Psychologists typically do the following:

  • Conduct scientific studies of behavior and brain function
  • Collect information through observations, interviews, surveys, and other methods
  • Identify psychological, emotional, behavioral, or organizational issues and diagnose disorders, using information obtained from their research
  • Research and identify behavioral or emotional patterns
  • Test for patterns that will help them better understand and predict behavior
  • Discuss the treatment of problems with their clients
  • Write articles, research papers, and reports to share findings and educate others

Psychologists seek to understand and explain thoughts, emotions, feelings, and behavior. Psychologists use techniques such as observation, assessment, and experimentation to develop theories about the beliefs and feelings that influence a person.

Psychologists often gather information and evaluate behavior through controlled laboratory experiments, psychoanalysis, or psychotherapy. They also may administer personality, performance, aptitude, or intelligence tests. They look for patterns of behavior or relationships between events, and use this information when testing theories in their research or treating patients.

The following are examples of types of psychologists:

Clinical psychologists assess, diagnose, and treat mental, emotional, and behavioral disorders. Clinical psychologists help people deal with problems ranging from short-term personal issues to severe, chronic conditions.

Clinical psychologists are trained to use a variety of approaches to help individuals. Although strategies generally differ by specialty, clinical psychologists often interview patients, give diagnostic tests, and provide individual, family, or group psychotherapy. They also design behavior modification programs and help patients implement their particular program.

Some clinical psychologists focus on certain populations, such as children or the elderly, or certain specialties, such as the following:

  • Health psychologists study how psychological and behavioral factors interact with health and illness. They educate both patients and medical staff on psychological issues and promote healthy-living strategies. They also investigate and develop programs to address common health-related behaviors, such as smoking, poor diet, and sedentary behavior.
  • Neuropsychologists study the effects of brain injuries, brain disease, developmental disorders, or mental health conditions on behavior and thinking. They test patients affected by known or suspected brain conditions to determine impacts on thinking and to direct patients' treatment.

Clinical psychologists often consult with other health professionals regarding the best treatment for patients, especially treatment that includes medication. Currently, Illinois, Louisiana, and New Mexico allow clinical psychologists to prescribe medication to patients. Most states, however, do not allow psychologists to prescribe medication for treatment.

Counseling psychologists help patients deal with and understand problems, including issues at home, at the workplace, or in their community. Through counseling, they work with patients to identify their strengths or resources they can use to manage problems. For information on other counseling occupations, see the profiles on mental health counselors and marriage and family therapists, substance abuse and behavioral disorder counselors, and social workers.

Developmental psychologists study the psychological progress and development that take place throughout life. Many developmental psychologists focus on children and adolescents, but they also may study aging and problems facing older adults.

Forensic psychologists use psychological principles in the legal and criminal justice system to help judges, attorneys, and other legal specialists understand the psychological aspects of a particular case. They often testify in court as expert witnesses. They typically specialize in family, civil, or criminal case work.

Industrial-organizational psychologists apply psychology to the workplace by using psychological principles and research methods to solve problems and improve the quality of work life. They study issues such as workplace productivity, management or employee working styles, and employee morale. They also work with management on matters such as policy planning, employee screening or training, and organizational development.

School psychologists apply psychological principles and techniques to education and developmental disorders. They may address student learning and behavioral problems; design and implement performance plans, and evaluate performances; and counsel students and families. They also may consult with other school-based professionals to suggest improvements to teaching, learning, and administrative strategies.

Social psychologists study how people's mindsets and behavior are shaped by social interactions. They examine both individual and group interactions and may investigate ways to improve interactions.

Some psychologists become postsecondary teachers or high school teachers.

School Psychologist Intern

Type: Internship
School Psychologist Intern(Job Number: 190001BN)Description
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Nurse Practioner

Type: Part Time
DESCRIPTIONOpening for a nurse practitioner 20-32 hours a week. Come join a dynamic multi disciplinary team of professionals in providing outpatient medical evaluations for children that are suspected or confirmed of experiencing abuse. High quality supervision provided by a child abuse peditrician...
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South Portland, ME

Nurse Practitioner

Type: Part Time
DESCRIPTIONOpening for a nurse practitioner 20-32 hours a week. Come join a dynamic multi disciplinary team of professionals in providing outpatient medical evaluations for children that are suspected or confirmed of experiencing abuse. High quality supervision provided by a child abuse peditrician...
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South Portland, ME

QMHP - The Beckett CRC

Type: Full Time, Full Time Alumnus
We offer a retention bonus of $250 after 6 months of continuous employment and $500 after 1 year of continuous employment. *Applies to regular FT employees, pro-rated for part-time. ***ELIGIBLE TO EARN QUARTERLY PRODUCTIVITY BONUS***About UsColumbia Care Services is a non-profit, mental health...
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PT Staff Psychologist

Type: Full Time, Full Time Alumnus
The PT Staff Psychologist is responsible for providing individual psychotherapy and screenings through Pace University's Counseling Center, NYC, completing documentation associated with all clinical contacts in Titanium, and attending supervisory meetings as necessary.Position DutiesPosition...
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Clinician

Type: Full Time, Full Time Alumnus
OverviewProvides psychological services and behavioral support to assigned consumers, and provides consultation to other professionals or members of the interdisciplinary teams. Such services and supports will include the development of behavior support programs and the provision of individual,...
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Neuropsychologist

Type: Full Time, Full Time Alumnus
DutiesSummaryYou could be part of an important initiative to provide mental health care for our nations Veterans! The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) needs mental health professionals who possess the energy, compassion, and commitment to serve those who serve our Country. Whatever the job title...
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RESEARCH PSYCHOLOGIST

Type: Full Time, Full Time Alumnus
DutiesSummaryThe Defense Human Resources Activity's (DHRA) mission is to provide program support, information management, and administrative services to the Department of Defense (DoD) Components on human resource matters and to collect, archive and provide management information, research and...
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Staff Psychologist (PTSD)

Type: Full Time, Full Time Alumnus
DutiesSummaryThis position serves as a Staff Psychologist within the Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Program at the Sacramento VA, which is under the VA NCHCS Mental Health Product Line. The incumbent will specifically address the complex needs of Veterans with PTSD.ResponsibilitiesThe...
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Speech Language Pathologist - Bilingual Spanish

Type: Full Time, Full Time Alumnus
Are you looking for a family-oriented company in a laid back atmosphere? The Shandy Clinic has an opening for full-time, bilingual Spanish, pediatric Speech Language Pathologist to join our diverse team of therapists. This specific listing is for the Colorado Springs area. The Shandy Clinic is an...
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Colorado Springs, CO

Paraprofessional - Instructional BJHS

Type: Full Time, Full Time Alumnus
Bryant School DistrictParaprofessional - Instructiona lDepartment: Elementary, Middle School, or High SchoolJob Status: Full TimeFLSA Status: Non-ExemptReports To: PrincipalGrade/Level: ClassifiedAmount of Travel Required: VariesJob Type: RegularPositions Supervised: NoneWork Schedule:180-day...
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Therapist

Type: Full Time, Full Time Alumnus
One of the nation's largest and most respected hospital companies, Universal Health Services, Inc. (UHS) has built an impressive record of achievement and performance. Steadily growing from a startup to an esteemed Fortune 500 corporation, UHS today has annual revenue nearing $10 billion. In...
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2019-2020 Middle School Counselor 845 (Northeast Middle)

Type: Full Time, Full Time Alumnus
The secondary counselor is a member of the Kansas City Public Schools guidance function, charged with providing a comprehensive guidance program for students in grades 7-12. The counselor develops program activities to meet the needs of students; consults with teachers, staff and parents to enhance...
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SUBSTANCE ABUSE CLINICAL COUNSELOR

Type: Part Time
Join Us In Making a Positive DifferenceMarine Corps Community Services (MCCS) is looking for the best and brightest to join our Team! MCCS is a comprehensive program that supports and enhances the quality of life for Marines, their families, and others in the Marine Corps Community. We offer a team...
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Social Work Intern

Type: Internship
SummaryThe Social Work Intern for RISN (Rowan Integrated Special Needs Center) assists with providing quality case management, educational workshops, and community resources for children and adults with special needs and their families. Following orientation, the intern will work along with their...
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Paraprofessional Instructional - ISS

Type: Full Time, Full Time Alumnus
Bryant School DistrictParaprofessional - Instructiona lDepartment: Elementary, Middle School, or High SchoolJob Status: Full TimeFLSA Status: Non-ExemptReports To: PrincipalGrade/Level: ClassifiedAmount of Travel Required: VariesJob Type: RegularPositions Supervised: NoneWork Schedule:180-day...
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Guidance Counselor

Type: Full Time, Full Time Alumnus
SCHOOL COUNSELORExemptGeneral Definition of WorkThrough leadership, advocacy, and collaboration, school counselors promote student success, providepreventive services, and respond to identified student needs by implementing a comprehensive schoolcounseling program addressing academic, career, and...
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Staff Nurse- Rehab Brain Injury

Type: Full Time, Full Time Alumnus
Located in downtown Pittsburgh, UPMC Mercy is an urban facility full of opportunities for both graduate nurses and seasoned nurses looking to take the next step in their career!UPMC Mercy is currently hiring a full-time Staff Nurse to support its Rehab Brain Injury unit!At UPMC Mercy's 18-bed...
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Pittsburgh, PA

Fertility Centers of Illinois: Phlebotomist (River North)

Type: Full Time, Full Time Alumnus
Be a part of a team dedicated to helping people build families!Fertility Centers of Illinois is one of the nation's leading infertility treatment practices, providing advanced reproductive endocrinology services in the Chicagoland area for more than 30 years.At Fertility Centers of Illinois/...
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VIRTUAL Staff Psychologist - VA Psychosocial Rehabilitation Program Clinician Trainer/Consultant

Type: Full Time, Full Time Alumnus
DutiesSummaryNO RECRUITMENT / RELOCATION INCENTIVES HAVE BEEN AUTHORIZED.POSITION IS TEMPORARY NOT TO EXCEED 4 YEARS. CONTINUED EMPLOYMENT IS CONTIGENT UPON FUTURE FUNDING.ResponsibilitiesIncumbent is administratively supervised by leadership within the Veterans Integrated Service Network (VISN) 5...
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