2017 Medical Scientists
Median Pay: US$82,240
Entry Level: Doctoral or professional degree
Summary
Medical scientists conduct research aimed at improving overall human health. They often use clinical trials and other investigative methods to reach their findings.
Duties

Medical scientists typically do the following:

  • Design and conduct studies that investigate both human diseases and methods to prevent and treat them
  • Prepare and analyze medical samples and data to investigate causes and treatment of toxicity, pathogens, or chronic diseases
  • Standardize drug potency, doses, and methods to allow for the mass manufacturing and distribution of drugs and medicinal compounds
  • Create and test medical devices
  • Develop programs that improve health outcomes, in partnership with health departments, industry personnel, and physicians
  • Write research grant proposals and apply for funding from government agencies and private funding sources
  • Follow procedures to avoid contamination and maintain safety

Many medical scientists form hypotheses and develop experiments, with little supervision. They often lead teams of technicians, and sometimes students, who perform support tasks. For example, a medical scientist working in a university laboratory may have undergraduate assistants take measurements and make observations for the scientist's research.

Medical scientists study the causes of diseases and other health problems. For example, a medical scientist who does cancer research might put together a combination of drugs that could slow the cancer's progress. A clinical trial may be done to test the drugs. A medical scientist may work with licensed physicians to test the new combination on patients who are willing to participate in the study.

In a clinical trial, patients agree to help determine if a particular drug, a combination of drugs, or some other medical intervention works. Without knowing which group they are in, patients in a drug-related clinical trial receive either the trial drug or a placebo - a pill or injection that looks like the trial drug but does not actually contain the drug.

Medical scientists analyze the data from all the patients in the clinical trial, to see how the trial drug performed. They compare the results with those obtained from the control group that took the placebo, and they analyze the attributes of the participants. After they complete their analysis, medical scientists may write about and publish their findings.

Medical scientists do research both to develop new treatments and to try to prevent health problems. For example, they may study the link between smoking and lung cancer or between diet and diabetes.

Medical scientists who work in private industry usually have to research the topics that benefit their company the most, rather than investigate their own interests. Although they may not have the pressure of writing grant proposals to get money for their research, they may have to explain their research plans to nonscientist managers or executives.

Medical scientists usually specialize in an area of research. The following are examples of types of medical scientists:

Cancer researchers research the causes of cancers, as well as ways to prevent and cure cancers. They may specialize in one or more types of cancer.

Clinical and medical informaticians develop new ways to use large datasets. They look for explanations of health outcomes through the statistical analysis of data.

Clinical pharmacologists research, develop, and test current and new drugs. They investigate the full effects that drugs have on human health. Their interests may range from understanding specific molecules to the effects that drugs have on large populations.

Gerontologists study the changes that people go through as they get older. Medical scientists who specialize in this field seek to understand the biology of aging and investigate ways to improve the quality of our later years. 

Immunochemists investigate the reactions and effects that various chemicals and drugs have on the human immune system.

Neuroscientists study the brain and nervous system.

Research histologists have a specific skill set that is used to study human tissue. They investigate how tissue grows, heals, and dies, and may investigate grafting techniques that can help people who have experienced serious injury.  

Serologists research fluids found in the human body, such as blood and saliva. Applied serologists often work in forensic science. For more information on forensic science, see the profile on forensic science technicians.

Toxicologists research the harmful effects of drugs, household chemicals, and other potentially poisonous substances. They seek to ensure the safety of drugs, radiation, and other treatments by investigating safe dosage limits.

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Type: Internship
NYU School of Medicine is one of the nation's top-ranked medical schools. For 175 years, NYU School of Medicine has trained thousands of physicians and scientists who have helped to shape the course of medical history and enrich the lives of countless people. An integral part of NYU Langone...
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New York, NY

Student Intern

Type: Internship
NYU School of Medicine is one of the nation's top-ranked medical schools. For 175 years, NYU School of Medicine has trained thousands of physicians and scientists who have helped to shape the course of medical history and enrich the lives of countless people. An integral part of NYU Langone...
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Student Research Intern

Type: Internship
NYU School of Medicine is one of the nation's top-ranked medical schools. For 175 years, NYU School of Medicine has trained thousands of physicians and scientists who have helped to shape the course of medical history and enrich the lives of countless people. An integral part of NYU Langone...
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Student Research Intern

Type: Internship
NYU School of Medicine is one of the nation's top-ranked medical schools. For 175 years, NYU School of Medicine has trained thousands of physicians and scientists who have helped to shape the course of medical history and enrich the lives of countless people. An integral part of NYU Langone...
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New York, NY

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Type: Full Time, Full Time Alumnus
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Type: Full Time, Full Time Alumnus
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Type: Full Time, Full Time Alumnus
NYU Langone Health is a world-class, patient-centered, integrated academic medical center, known for its excellence in clinical care, research, and education. It comprises more than 200 locations throughout the New York area, including five inpatient locations, a children's hospital, three...
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New York, NY

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Type: Full Time, Full Time Alumnus
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Type: Full Time, Full Time Alumnus
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Type: Full Time, Full Time Alumnus
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Type: Full Time, Full Time Alumnus
NYU Langone Health is a world-class, patient-centered, integrated academic medical center, known for its excellence in clinical care, research, and education. It comprises more than 200 locations throughout the New York area, including five inpatient locations, a children's hospital, three...
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RN-ER-SGH (PRN) - EMERGENCY ROOM

Type: Full Time, Full Time Alumnus
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Laboratory Analyst Intern - STIPEND

Type: Internship
This position involves analyzing the chemical components of various materials (e.g., agrominerals, soil samples, plant tissues, fertilizers). Duties may include:Assist in the analyses of various materials related to fertilizers (e.g., splitting, grinding, drying and preparing samples for analysis;...
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Faculty Position, MRI Guided Radiation Therapy Program Leader , Department of Radiation Oncology

Type: Full Time, Full Time Alumnus
The Department of Radiation Oncology at Thomas Jefferson University, Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center in Philadelphia, PA, is seeking a radiation oncologist at the level of Assistant/Associate Professor to lead the MRI Guided Radiation Therapy (MR-GRT) Program. This position will interface with a...
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RN PRN HOSP-LCMC - INFUSION CENTER

Type: Full Time, Full Time Alumnus
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RN PRN HOSP-LCMC - OPERATING ROOM

Type: Full Time, Full Time Alumnus
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Software Engineering 2019 Intern

Type: Internship
OverviewMyriad is hiring a Intern- Testing to assist in processing samples by preparing sample plates, setting up reagents for production runs, and running manual immunoassay testing. The Intern may perform any tasks necessary in order to complete the process of testing customer orders....
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South San Francisco, CA