2017 Interior Designers
Median Pay: US$48,840
Entry Level: Bachelor's degree
Summary
Interior designers make interior spaces functional, safe, and beautiful by determining space requirements and selecting decorative items, such as colors, lighting, and materials. They read blueprints and must be aware of building codes and inspection regulations, as well as universal accessibility standards.
Duties

Interior designers typically do the following:

  • Search for and bid on new projects
  • Determine the client's goals and requirements for the project
  • Consider how the space will be used and how people will move through the space
  • Sketch preliminary design plans, including electrical and partition layouts
  • Specify materials and furnishings, such as lighting, furniture, wall finishes, flooring, and plumbing fixtures
  • Create a timeline for the interior design project and estimate project costs
  • Place orders for materials and oversee the installation of the design elements
  • Conduct the construction administration of the project and coordinate with general building contractors to implement the plans and specifications to build the project
  • Visit the site after the project is complete, to ensure that the client is satisfied

Interior designers work closely with architects, structural engineers, mechanical engineers, and builders to determine how interior spaces will function, look, and be furnished. Interior designers read blueprints and must be aware of building codes and inspection regulations. For more information on structural engineers, see the profile on civil engineers. For more information on builders, see the profile on construction laborers and helpers.

Although some sketches or drawings may be freehand, most interior designers use computer-aided design (CAD) software for the majority of their drawings. Throughout the design process, interior designers often will use building information modeling (BIM) software to create three-dimensional visualizations that include construction elements such as walls or roofs.

Many designers specialize in a particular type of building, such as homes, hospitals, or hotels; a specific room, such as bathrooms or kitchens; or a specific style. Some designers work for home-furnishings stores, providing design services to help customers choose materials and furnishings.

Some interior designers produce designs, plans, and drawings for construction and installation. These may include construction and demolition plans, electrical layouts, and plans needed for building permits. Interior designers may draft the preliminary design into documents that could be as simple as sketches or as inclusive as construction documents, with schedules and attachments.

The following are examples of types of interior designers:

Healthcare designers use the evidence-design process in designing and renovating healthcare centers, clinics, doctors' offices, hospitals, and residential care facilities. They specialize in making design decisions based on credible research to achieve the best possible outcomes for patients, residents, and the facility.

Sustainable designers use strategies to improve energy and water efficiencies and indoor air quality, and they specify environmentally preferable products, such as bamboo and cork for floors. They may obtain certification in Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) from the U.S. Green Building Council. Such certification indicates that a building and its interior space were designed with the use of sustainable concepts.

Universal designers renovate spaces in order to make them more accessible. Often, these designs are used to renovate spaces for elderly people and people with special needs; however, universal designs can benefit anyone. For example, an entranceway without steps may be necessary for someone in a wheelchair, but it is also helpful for someone pushing a baby stroller.

Kitchen and bath designers specialize in kitchens and bathrooms and have expert knowledge of the variety of cabinets, fixtures, appliances, plumbing, and electrical solutions for these rooms.

Corporate designers create interior designs for professional workplaces from small office settings to large-scale corporations within high-rise buildings. They focus on creating spaces that are efficient, functional, and safe for employees. They may incorporate design elements that reflect a company's brand in their designs.

Interiors Student Intern

Type: Internship
HOK is a global design, architecture, engineering and planning firm.Our 1,700 people collaborate across a network of 24 offices on three continents.HOK designs buildings and spaces that respond to the needs of people and the environment. Our designers are rooted in technical excellence, driven by...
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HOK
Chicago, IL

Summer Intern, Architectural Engineering

Type: Internship
The buildings that make up the landscape of our daily lives seem like permanent fixtures, fastened to a time and place. But what if that didn't have to be true? What if our built environment - where we live, learn, play, and conduct business - carried us forward instead?Our Buildings...
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Berkley, MI

Student Intern - Architecture

Type: Internship
The buildings that make up the landscape of our daily lives seem like permanent fixtures, fastened to a time and place. But what if that didn't have to be true? What if our built environment - where we live, learn, play, and conduct business - carried us forward instead?Our Buildings...
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Los Angeles, CA

Student Intern - Architecture

Type: Internship
The buildings that make up the landscape of our daily lives seem like permanent fixtures, fastened to a time and place. But what if that didn't have to be true? What if our built environment - where we live, learn, play, and conduct business - carried us forward instead?Our Buildings...
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Honolulu, HI

Student Intern - Architecture

Type: Internship
The buildings that make up the landscape of our daily lives seem like permanent fixtures, fastened to a time and place. But what if that didn't have to be true? What if our built environment - where we live, learn, play, and conduct business - carried us forward instead?Our Buildings...
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San Francisco, CA

Student Intern - Interior Design

Type: Internship
The buildings that make up the landscape of our daily lives seem like permanent fixtures, fastened to a time and place. But what if that didn't have to be true? What if our built environment - where we live, learn, play, and conduct business - carried us forward instead?Our Buildings...
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Sacramento, CA

Student Intern - Architecture

Type: Internship
The buildings that make up the landscape of our daily lives seem like permanent fixtures, fastened to a time and place. But what if that didn't have to be true? What if our built environment - where we live, learn, play, and conduct business - carried us forward instead?Our Buildings...
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San Diego, CA

Student Intern - Architecture

Type: Internship
The buildings that make up the landscape of our daily lives seem like permanent fixtures, fastened to a time and place. But what if that didn't have to be true? What if our built environment - where we live, learn, play, and conduct business - carried us forward instead?Our Buildings...
Apply Share
Sacramento, CA

Student Intern - Interior Design

Type: Internship
The buildings that make up the landscape of our daily lives seem like permanent fixtures, fastened to a time and place. But what if that didn't have to be true? What if our built environment - where we live, learn, play, and conduct business - carried us forward instead?Our Buildings...
Apply Share
San Francisco, CA

Student Intern - Interior Design

Type: Internship
The buildings that make up the landscape of our daily lives seem like permanent fixtures, fastened to a time and place. But what if that didn't have to be true? What if our built environment - where we live, learn, play, and conduct business - carried us forward instead?Our Buildings...
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Irvine, CA

Interior Design Intern

Type: Internship
Henriksen/Butler offers a design internship for students that have reached internship eligibility requirements through their scholastic program. The design intern maintains, organizes and facilitates access to information and materials in the library in a manner allowing equal ease of use for all...
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Salt Lake City, UT

Intern Architect

Type: Internship
OverviewHKS is a team of more than 1,400 architects, interior designers, urban designers, scientists, artists, anthropologists and other professionals working together across industries and across the globe to create places that delight, heal and stimulate peak performance. We have nurtured a...
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Chicago, IL

Facilities Intern - Architect/Engineer/Interiors

Type: Internship
CityRochesterStateMinnesotaTelecommuteNoDepartmentFacilities & System SupportPosition descriptionParticipates in various phases of the design through construction phases of projects and assigned relative topics, under the supervision of architects, engineers, and interior designers with various...
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Rochester, MN

Interior Design Intern

Type: Internship
Internship positions at Jacobs provide college students an opportunity to gain real-world experience in specific area of study. Working in a fast-paced, professional setting provides interns with invaluable experiences applying the knowledge and skills learned through education in a business...
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Denver, CO

Design Intern

Type: Internship
Position Open: March 18, 2019Position Close: Until filledClark Nexsen is an Equal Opportunity Employer. Qualified applicants will receive consideration for employment without regard to race, color, religion, sex, age, national origin, sexual orientation, gender identity, disability, or protected...
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Interior Design Intern

Type: Internship
Dassault Falcon Jet, one of the most sought after brands in business aviation is seeking an Interior Design Intern. In this role, the ideal candidate will provide assistance to Aircraft Interior Design Assistant and the overall team. The intern will provide support regarding the maintenance and...
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South Hackensack, NJ

Design Intern

Type: Internship
Position Open: March 14, 2019Position Close: Until filledClark Nexsen is an Equal Opportunity Employer. Qualified applicants will receive consideration for employment without regard to race, color, religion, sex, age, national origin, sexual orientation, gender identity, disability, or protected...
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Editorial Design Intern

Type: Internship
EDITORIAL DESIGN INTERNSHIPModern Luxury is seeking talented designers to join our Chicago-based team for the Editorial Design Summer Internship Program. This is a hands-on and intensive internship suitable only for someone who has a strong interest in magazine editorial design. Candidates must be...
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Intern Architect

Type: Internship
OverviewHKS is a team of more than 1,400 architects, interior designers, urban designers, scientists, artists, anthropologists and other professionals working together across industries and across the globe to create places that delight, heal and stimulate peak performance. We have nurtured a...
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Phoenix, AZ

Allina Facilities Intern

Type: Internship
IntroductionAllina Health is dedicated to the prevention and treatment of illness and enhancing the greater health of individuals, families and communities throughout Minnesota and western Wisconsin. A not-for-profit health care system, Allina Health cares for patients from beginning to end-of-life...
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Minneapolis, MN