2017 Accountants and Auditors
Median Pay: US$67,190
Entry Level: Bachelor's degree
Summary
Accountants and auditors prepare and examine financial records. They ensure that financial records are accurate and that taxes are paid properly and on time. Accountants and auditors assess financial operations and work to help ensure that organizations run efficiently.
Duties

Accountants and auditors typically do the following:

  • Examine financial statements to ensure that they are accurate and comply with laws and regulations
  • Compute taxes owed, prepare tax returns, and ensure that taxes are paid properly and on time
  • Inspect account books and accounting systems for efficiency and use of accepted accounting procedures
  • Organize and maintain financial records
  • Assess financial operations and make best-practices recommendations to management
  • Suggest ways to reduce costs, enhance revenues, and improve profits

In addition to examining and preparing financial documentation, accountants and auditors must explain their findings. This includes preparing written reports and meeting face-to-face with organization managers and individual clients.

Many accountants and auditors specialize, depending on the particular organization that they work for. Some work for organizations that specialize in assurance services (improving the quality or context of information for decisionmakers) or risk management (determining the probability of a misstatement on financial documentation). Other organizations specialize in specific industries, such as healthcare.

Some workers with a background in accounting and auditing teach in colleges and universities. For more information, see the profile on postsecondary teachers.

The following are examples of types of accountants and auditors:

Public accountants perform a broad range of accounting, auditing, tax, and consulting tasks. Their clients include corporations, governments, and individuals.

Public accountants work with financial documents that clients are required by law to disclose. These include tax forms and balance sheet statements that corporations must provide potential investors. For example, some public accountants concentrate on tax matters, advising corporations about the tax advantages of certain business decisions or preparing individual income tax returns.

Public accountants, many of whom are Certified Public Accountants (CPAs), generally have their own businesses or work for public accounting firms. Publicly traded companies are required to have CPAs sign documents they submit to the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), including annual and quarterly reports.

Some public accountants specialize in forensic accounting, investigating financial crimes such as securities fraud and embezzlement, bankruptcies and contract disputes, and other complex and possibly criminal financial transactions. Forensic accountants combine their knowledge of accounting and finance with law and investigative techniques to determine if an activity is illegal. Many forensic accountants work closely with law enforcement personnel and lawyers during investigations and often appear as expert witnesses during trials.

Management accountants, also called cost, managerial, industrial, corporate, or private accountants, record and analyze the financial information of the organizations for which they work. The information that management accountants prepare is intended for internal use by business managers, not by the general public.

Management accountants often work on budgeting and performance evaluation. They also may help organizations plan the cost of doing business. Some may work with financial managers on asset management, which involves planning and selecting financial investments such as stocks, bonds, and real estate.

Government accountants maintain and examine the records of government agencies and audit private businesses and individuals whose activities are subject to government regulations or taxation. Accountants employed by federal, state, and local governments ensure that revenues are received and spent in accordance with laws and regulations.

Internal auditors check for mismanagement of an organization's funds. They identify ways to improve the processes for finding and eliminating waste and fraud. The practice of internal auditing is not regulated, but The Institute of Internal Auditors (IIA) provides generally accepted standards.

External auditors perform similar duties as internal auditors, but are employed by an outside organization, rather than the one they are auditing. They review clients' financial statements and inform investors and authorities that the statements have been correctly prepared and reported.

Information technology auditors are internal auditors who review controls for their organization's computer systems, to ensure that the financial data comes from a reliable source.

Student Trainee (Accountant) GS-0599-5/7 Pathways Intern

Type: Internship
DutiesSummaryThis is an opportunity under the Internship Program component of the Pathways Programs. The Internship Program provides students enrolled in high schools, colleges, trade schools and other qualifying educational institutions with paid opportunities to work in agencies and explore...
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Entry-Level Staff Accountant

Type: Full Time, Full Time Alumnus
BradyRenner CPAs is seeking an entry-level accounting graduate for a full-time staff accountant role with the team of our dynamic, fast-growing full-service business accounting firm located in Bowie, MD. This is an ideal opportunity to begin your career in the accounting profession.Position...
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Accounting Analyst (7735)

Type: Full Time, Full Time Alumnus
Accounting Analyst (7735)University of California Office of the PresidentRequisition Number: 20190285Appointment Type: Staff - CareerPersonnel Program: PSS-UncoveredWork Hours: 8:00 am - 5:00 pm, Monday - FridayPercentage of Time: 100Organizational Area: Academic Affairs: Research & Graduate...
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Accountant, Contracts & Grants Accounting

Type: Full Time, Full Time Alumnus
The Contracts & Grants Accounting (CGA) Accountant is responsible for providing customer-oriented, value-added post-award management services to UCSF Principal Investigators (PIs) and research administrators and university partners through: letter of credit management and accounting analysis of...
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Employee Benefits Investigator

Type: Full Time, Full Time Alumnus
DutiesSummaryEmployee Benefits Security Administration (EBSA) is responsible for planning, directing and administering a program of enforcement to ensure maximum compliance with Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (ERISA) and criminal provisions of US Code as they relate to employee...
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2020 Staff Accountant Internship Cleveland

Type: Internship
Novogradac & Company LLP is a national certified public accounting and consulting firm headquartered in San Francisco. Founded in 1989, the allied group of Novogradac companies has grown to more than 800 employees and partners with more than 28 offices throughout the country.Novogradac &...
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2020 Staff Accountant Internship Atlanta

Type: Internship
Novogradac & Company LLP is a national certified public accounting and consulting firm headquartered in San Francisco. Founded in 1989, the allied group of Novogradac companies has grown to more than 800 employees and partners with more than 28 offices throughout the country.Novogradac &...
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Corporate Accountant - Atlanta, GA

Type: Full Time, Full Time Alumnus
Job ID: 152621ExemptOldcastle Infrastructure, a CRH company, is the leading manufacturer of precast concrete, polymer concrete, and plastic products in the United States. Our products range from utility vaults, reinforced concrete pipe, catch basins, drainage and septic tanks, to retaining walls,...
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CRH
Atlanta, GA

2020 Staff Accountant Internship San Francisco

Type: Internship
Novogradac & Company LLP is a national certified public accounting and consulting firm headquartered in San Francisco. Founded in 1989, the allied group of Novogradac companies has grown to more than 800 employees and partners with more than 28 offices throughout the country.Novogradac &...
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Tax Accountants

Type: Full Time, Full Time Alumnus
We are seeking recent grads and experienced tax accountants to join our tax department. You'll join an innovative team where training is continuous and the work is rewarding.Tax Accountants - Ciuni & Panichi, Inc. is seeking recent grads and experienced tax accountants. Employees will have...
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2020 Staff Accountant Internship PA

Type: Internship
Novogradac & Company LLP is a national certified public accounting and consulting firm headquartered in San Francisco. Founded in 1989, the allied group of Novogradac companies has grown to more than 800 employees and partners with more than 28 offices throughout the country.Novogradac &...
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2020 Staff Accountant Internship San Rafael

Type: Internship
Novogradac & Company LLP is a national certified public accounting and consulting firm headquartered in San Francisco. Founded in 1989, the allied group of Novogradac companies has grown to more than 800 employees and partners with more than 28 offices throughout the country.Novogradac &...
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2020 Staff Accountant Internship Walnut Creek

Type: Internship
Novogradac & Company LLP is a national certified public accounting and consulting firm headquartered in San Francisco. Founded in 1989, the allied group of Novogradac companies has grown to more than 800 employees and partners with more than 28 offices throughout the country.Novogradac &...
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Intern - Tax Accountant (Germantown, MD)

Type: Internship
The Tax Intern will be mainly responsible for assisting the Tax Department with administrative duties:Composes, proofreads, and reviews routine correspondence including tax returns, engagement letters, IRS correspondence and other documents as requested. Responsible for accuracy and clarity of...
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Germantown, MD

Jr. Accountant (6 month contract)

Type: Full Time, Full Time Alumnus
The Oakland Athletics are looking for a Jr. Accountant to support our AP/AR as well as other Finance projects. . The right person will provide direct support to the accounting team to ensure all transactions are properly entered. This is a perfect role for a new college graduate looking to gain...
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2020 Staff Accountant Internship- St. Louis

Type: Internship
Novogradac & Company LLP is a national certified public accounting and consulting firm headquartered in San Francisco. Founded in 1989, the allied group of Novogradac companies has grown to more than 800 employees and partners with more than 28 offices throughout the country.Novogradac &...
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Dealership Accountant

Type: Full Time, Full Time Alumnus
OverviewLithia Accounting Processing Center of Portland
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2020 Staff Accountant Internship Bellevue

Type: Internship
Novogradac & Company LLP is a national certified public accounting and consulting firm headquartered in San Francisco. Founded in 1989, the allied group of Novogradac companies has grown to more than 800 employees and partners with more than 28 offices throughout the country.Novogradac &...
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STAFF ACCOUNTANT

Type: Full Time, Full Time Alumnus
DutiesSummaryThe Office of Compliance Inspections and Examinations (OCIE) protects investors through administering the SEC's nationwide examination and inspection program.ResponsibilitiesOCIE's Office of Investment Advisers and Investment Companies (IA/IC) is seeking to fill a Staff...
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NABA Attendees - Spring 2020 Tax Internship

Type: Internship
Who are we? Watch to find out!This tax internship application is designated for those students attending the National Association of Black Accountants (NABA) Convention in Las Vegas, NV June 19-23, 2019.The Company:Based in Wichita, Kansas, Koch Industries, Inc. is one of the largest private...
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